The Role of Satan in the World from the Perspective of the Qur'an and the Testaments

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قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 

@ Hamed Nazarpour / Assistant Professor of Religions and Mysticism Department of Islamic Education University of Isfahan


Marzieh Dezhfar / M.A. Student in Shiite Studies University of Isfahan         

Received: 2020/03/09 - Accepted: 2020/07/26


One of the most important issues in the theology of religions is the problem of evil. The Satan and its role in the world is one of the topics of the realm of evil. Jewish, Christian, and Islamic scriptures, i.e. the Qur'an and the Testaments, have paid special attention to the issue of Satan. Using a comparative-analytical approach, this study is proposed. The purpose of this article is to examine the role of Satan from the perspective of the Holy Qur'an and the Testaments. Satan is introduced in the Holy Qur'an and the Testaments as the enemy of man and the prophets (a.s.), as well as the tempter of man. In the Old Testament, two other roles are stated for Satan including, a slanderer and an agent of God. In the Old Testament, Satan often has no evil character and is God's agent. The Holy Qur'an also has introduced the roles of the infidel, the guardian and the servant for the devil that cannot be seen in the Bible. The similarities can be explained by the common revelatory origin of these sacred texts. The differences could be caused by distortion in the Old Testament.

Keywords: Satan, the Qur'an, the Old Testament, the New Testament, the enemy of man, the agent of God.


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